Alcohol poisoning is an acute neurovegetative disorder provoked by the consumption of excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages or their low-quality counterparts. Ethanol intoxication usually occurs in people who do not drink alcohol on a regular basis. People who suffer from chronic alcoholism for a long time are more often exposed to the toxic effect of surrogates. Severe alcohol poisoning in the absence of timely medical care can lead to the death of the victim.

Alcohol Poisoning

The obvious cause of the pathology is the use of alcohol in excessive quantities. Ethanol intoxication can be considered any intoxication, regardless of its severity. However, medical intervention is required only for moderate and severe degrees, when disorders in the functioning of vital body systems develop. The exception is the cases of taking drinks made on the basis of methyl alcohol and other non-food components. In such situations, all victims, without exception, are subject to hospitalization. The HeadLandSats private alcohol addiction treatment clinic uses the latest methods of treating alcoholism.

Clinical Signs Of Severe Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol intoxication is divided into three degrees of severity, each of which has its own clinical picture. The following stages of intoxication are distinguished:

The concentration of pure ethyl alcohol does not exceed 100 mg / 100 ml of blood. The state of a person is characterized by verboseness, an increase in the amplitude of emotional reactions, and a slight decrease in self-criticism. There is an improvement in mood, the predominance of mental excitement over inhibition. On examination, moderate autonomic disorders are revealed: facial flushing, increased respiration, and heart rate there is no need for medical intervention, the pathology goes away on its own in a few hours.

Average degree.

The ethanol concentration ranges from 100 to 250 mmol/liter. The victim’s thinking speed decreases, judgments become simplified, trivial. Speech changes, slows down, becomes blurry, and is difficult to distinguish. A person poorly understands the words addressed to him, reacts inadequately to the actions of others. The mental mood changes. The victim becomes morose, indifferent, angry. Examination reveals ataxia, dysarthria, decreased pain sensitivity, cyanotic color, or pallor of the skin. Many patients develop nausea and vomiting.

Severe degree.

The alcohol content exceeds 250 mmol/liter. The upper limit can be very high. There are cases when patients were admitted to intensive care units, the concentration of ethanol in the blood of which was almost twice the lethal concentration. The main symptom of severe intoxication is depression of consciousness, stunning, somnolence, coma, vomiting, hypersalivation, pathological skin coloration. Severe alcohol poisoning is life-threatening and the patient should be stopped in a hospital setting.

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